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英語美文:英文誦典美文精華必背31:The Definition of Peace 和平的定義(MP3+雙語)

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  • The Definition of Peace

    和平的定義

    The greatest peace, I believe, is the peace which we derive from our faith in God Almighty; from certainty about our relationship with our Creator. Crises might beset us, battles might rage about us — but if we have faith and the certainty it brings, we will enjoy peace — the peace that surpasses all understanding.

    我相信,最偉大的和平源于我們對萬能的上帝的信賴,源于我們和造物主之間關系的確定性。可能危機會使我們困惑,戰爭使我們憤怒,

    One's religious convictions obviously also translate into a specific approach towards peace in the secular sense. I have time only for a few perspectives on peace in this world and its effect on human relationships.

    從長遠來看,一個人的宗教信仰會轉變成特定的通往和平的方式。今天我將用有限的時間來討論世界和平的幾種前景,以及和平對人類關系的影響。

    Peace does not simply mean the absence of conflict:

    和平不僅僅是意味著沒有沖突。

    Throughout history, there has been an absence of conflict in many repressive societies. This lack of conflict does not have its roots in harmony, goodwill or the consent of the parties involved — but often in fear, ignorance and powerlessness. There can thus be no real peace without justice or consent. Neither does peace necessarily imply tranquillity.

    縱觀歷史,在許多充滿壓迫的社會里也沒有沖突。但是這種不沖突不是建立在和諧、善意及各方面互相認同的基礎上的,而常常表現為恐懼、愚昧和無能為力。由此,沒有公正和協調,就不會有真正的和平。和平也不一定僅指單純的安寧。

    The affairs of mankind are in incessant flux. No relationship —between individuals or communities or political parties or countries — remains the same from one day to the next. New situations are forever arising and demand constant attention. Tensions build up and need to be defused. Militant radical minorities plan to disrupt peace and need to be contained.

    歷史的車輪不會停止,個人、社區、政黨、國家間的關系永遠在變化。人們需要不斷關注新的形勢。緊張局勢一出現,就需要我們去解決;如果少數好戰激進分子妄圖破壞和平,我們就應該抑制其行為。

    There can thus be no real peace without constant effort, planning and hard work.

    所以,沒有長久的努力、周密的計劃及艱苦的工作,就不會有真正的和平。

    Peace, therefore, is not an absence of conflict or a condition of stagnation.

    因此,和平不是沒有沖突,也不是停滯不前。

    Peace is a frame of mind.

    和平是一種精神狀態。

    It is a frame of mind in which countries, communities, parties and individuals seek to resolve their differences through agreements, through negotiation and compromise, instead of threats, compulsion and violence.

    和平是一種精神狀態,各個國家、各個社區、各個政黨和個人通過協商、談判和相互諒解的方式解決分歧,而不是通過威脅、強迫和暴力。

    Peace is also a framework.

    和平還是一種框架。

    It is a framework consisting of rules, laws, agreements and conventions — a framework providing mechanisms for the peaceful resolution of the inevitable clashes of interest between countries, communities, parties and individuals. It is a framework within which the irresistible and dynamic processes of social, economic and political development can be regulated and accommodated.

    和平是一種由規則、法律、協定和慣例共同組成的框架。它為國家、社區、政黨和個人等相關利益各方的沖突提供了和平解決的機制。在這個框架內,社會、經濟、政治的發展將得到有效的控制及相互協調。

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